WWI: A Different Kind of War-time Service
Posted On: 12/27/2017 - 10:33am, Posted By: Sarah Staples, Helen Steiner Rice Archivist
April 6, 2017 marked the 100th anniversary of the United States entry into World War I. Every other Wednesday, we will present items from our collections that highlight life in Cincinnati, around the nation and from the battlefields during the war.
George S. Haydock (seated) and B.W. Lamson, 1918. Cincinnati Museum Center. Mss 1102. George S. Haydock Papers: volume 1, page 55.
In 1914 when war broke out in Europe, George Haydock, a Yale graduate, was a well-established business man. He had worked in manufacturing for almost 20 years, serving as Vice President of Oakley Machine Tool Company and founding the Standard Carbonic Company. Before the United States even entered into the First World War, George started preparing for the war effort. In August 1916, at the age of 40, he attended the Plattsburg Training Camp serving as an Acting Corporal.
Completion certificate for Plattsburg Training Camp, 1916. Cincinnati Museum Center. Mss 1102. George S. Haydock Papers: volume 1, page 3.
After Plattsburg, George served as a member of the Executive Committee of the Cincinnati Branch of the United States Military Training Camps Association, which examined candidates for Reserve Officers Training before they were passed to the military authorities. He also worked with the ‘Reserve Officers Training Camp Company’ to give preliminary training to men entering into the military as Reserve Officers.
Membership certificate for Military Training Camps Association, 1918. Cincinnati Museum Center. Mss 1102. George S. Haydock Papers: volume 1, page 35.
Although George did not serve in the Armed Forces he served in the Cincinnati Home Guard, an auxiliary police force, eventually reaching the rank of First Lieutenant. He furthered his military training when he attended the Officers Training Camp at Camp Sherman, as a representative of the Cincinnati Home Guard. He proved himself a capable marksman at the camp.
Letter and button for marksmanship training, 1918. Cincinnati Museum Center. Mss 1102. George S. Haydock Papers: volume 1, page 27.
George resigned from the Cincinnati Home Guard after he was hired by the Army Ordnance Cincinnati District Office, simply known as the Cincinnati Ordnance Department, as Production Manager. The Ordnance Department was a vital operation in the war effort. They contracted and oversaw the production of all the Army’s artillery, arms, and ammunition needs. George eventually became the Assistant District Chief for the Cincinnati Ordnance Department.
155m/m howitzer carriage made at the Mosler Safe Company, 1918. Cincinnati Museum Center. Mss 1102. George S. Haydock Papers: volume 1, page 63.
List of Contracts, Production Division Cincinnati District, 1918. Cincinnati Museum Center. Mss 1102. George S. Haydock Papers: Oversized file 4, item 2.
When the armistice was signed the Cincinnati Ordnance Department was shut down, but George continued his service to his country by serving on the Cincinnati District Claims Board. The Claims Board helped resolve issues business went through as they changed from military production back to civilian manufacturing. George also served as a First Lieutenant in the American Protective League, a secret Federal organization established to co-operate with the Army Intelligence and U.S. Department of Justice to detect enemy activities in the United States.
In 1925, George founded the investment counselors firm of Haydock, Peabody, and Hawley. He retired in 1942, but kept his partnership in the company. His son, Thomas C. Haydock, went on to become a partner in Haydock, Peabody, and Hawley. George Sewell Haydock died at the age of 81 on November 5, 1957 in Cincinnati, Ohio.